Windows File Structures and Paths – CompTIA A+ 220-902 – 1.1

Windows File Structures and Paths – CompTIA A+ 220-902 – 1.1
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When you’re using the
Windows operating system, you may see that
drives and files are accessed with different
letters and backslashes and colons. You may be trying to figure
out what all of this means. So in this video, we’ll look
at the different Windows file structures
and paths and how you would reference those in
the Windows operating system. In the Windows operating
system, we reference drives by a letter between A
and Z, and we always follow those with
the colon sign. So you’ll usually see a physical
or logical drive reference with this drive letter
followed by the colon. For example, you may
have a floppy drive inside of your system. It may be called A colon. The main storage
device on your computer is usually given the C
drive, so it’s C colon. And anything that might
be an optical drive in your system like a
DVD-ROM or CD-ROM drive is usually called D colon. These drives don’t have to
have these particular letters assigned to them. You could have any particular
letter assigned to these. And, of course, if you have
more than these drives inside of your computer, you might have
an E drive, an F drive, an M drive, a T drive, or any other
letter inside of your computer. Inside of each one
of these drives is a separate set of files
that follows a hierarchy from the root of the
drive all the way through, with separate files
and separate folders. For example, in
your C drive, you will have many different
folders inside of that C drive, and in each folder you might
have a number of files. This is just like you had
a physical file folder, and you wanted to put different
files or different papers inside of that physical folder. In the real world,
we don’t usually put folders within
folders within folders, but in our operating system
that is a completely normal way to operate. So you can not only have
files within your folders, you can create trees of folders. For instance, the
Users folder here has an IE User inside of that. And this IE User
folder has a number of folders inside of that. It’s a simple
hierarchical way that we can keep track of exactly
what’s on our system and allows us to organize things
in ways that make sense for us. When you’re looking at these
nested folders inside something like Windows Explorer,
you’ll see the C colon drive, and then it simply references
user IE User and, in this case, Favorites. But if you see this spelled
out at the command line, you might see these
separated by backslashes. So you would see this written
as C colon backslash Users backslash Professor
backslash Documents. And inside of documents is
a file called budget.xls. Inside of the Windows
user interface, we’re almost always
using our File Manager to be able to organize and keep
track of where files might be. This really organizes things
in a very specific way, and it’s the same regardless
of what system you go to. Here at the desktop,
at the very top, you can see that you have many
different items to choose from. Very common items might be
things like the Homegroup, which you’ll see in Windows 8. But underneath this
individual computer, you have User Folders,
there’s a Computer folder. You have Documents,
Downloads, and everything that you might need
to access at a glance from inside of
your File Manager. Underneath this main
drive of your computer, for instance C colon, there
are three very important files that are specific to the
Windows operating system. The first one we’ll look
at is backslash Users. This is where all of your
User documents will be. If you needed to back
up all of the documents that you’ve ever
created, you can simply go to the User’s folder
and backup everything that’s in that folder. Another important
operating system folder is one called Program Files. You’ll see this written as
backslash Program Files. And whenever you install an
application onto your computer, it’s going to be installed
underneath a directory inside of that Program Files. And lastly, and perhaps
most importantly, is the operating system itself. All of your OS files are stored
in a folder called Windows. Some of these are located
right off the root as individual files. And generally those
are hidden from you, but almost everything
related to the operating system you’re going to find
inside of your Windows folder.

2 thoughts on “Windows File Structures and Paths – CompTIA A+ 220-902 – 1.1

  1. Thanks for your help Professor, all of your notes and videos are very useful and vital to pass CompTIA A+. I will be sitting for 901/902 end of this December

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