History of Football Documentary

History of Football Documentary
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It might sound surprising, but football
has a long an fascinating history, according to sources it has been found that
the sport was first introduced in 1170 in an account which describes a group of
youngsters going to play the ‘game of ball’. Traits of the game can be tracked back
to China in second and third century BC. Records taken from the
military books describe the Chinese playing a game
which was an exercise known as Tsu’Chu where
the players used a ball made of leather stuffed
with hair and feathers. The main aim of the game was to put
the ball into the net fixed on bamboo sticks and at the same time
defend themselves from attacks. Variants of the game were also found in
documentations of Greek and Egyptian society which proves that the game has
been played through the ancient history. The English used an animal bladder
for the ball which was inflated. People were getting infatuated with the
game and in 1300’s Edward II had to impose ban on playing the game as people stopped
practising archery and played football; archery was important for war. Edward II was not the
only one to ban the game; Edward III, Oliver
Cromwell and Henry IV also followed his footsteps
and banned football. The game was not lost and
re-emerged and continued to grow in acceptance, principally
amid the waged classes, playing football was a
chance for them to socialize with people who belonged
to the same class. Since there were no referees or any
rules the players often got into fights and took is personally most of the times
and carried their grudges outside the field and destroyed each other’s
homes, property and business. One of the causes was too
many players in a field; it often reached to 1000. The problem rose so much that in
1830 highway act was passed, which stated that anyone playing football
on the highways would be fined. Addiction to football rose
above the divisions of society and in the 18th century
became famous at schools. This became the background for creation
of certain set of rules for the game. A meeting of 1848 at Cambridge
finalized the rules delineating throw ins, goal kicks and goalies rights
which are still in use today. These were stepping stones
to the rise of football club teams and bigger national
and international events. The English have played an
important role in the widespread of the game, in its present
initiation, across the globe. The first match to be held outside
Europe was in 1867, Argentina which was hosted by many British
who worked abroad in those days. Initially played solely by
men the women have also been playing the game from
the end of19th century. The game became quite famous at
the time of World War I when women took over the jobs which
were always done by men. Women who worked in industrial labour
always met together to play the game. A women’s team from
Preston was the first to enter into an international
game against Paris. The Football Association considered
women’s football to be incongruous and there was a ban on the game for
some time after the World War I. The English Women’s FA removed
the ban in 1971, since then the game has become popular in
Britain and other countries. Teams like Everton, Arsenal
and Chelsea have female teams who play both for home
and international games. The game has also been associated
by disasters of 1985 and 1989 the Heysel Stadium disaster and
Hillsborough disaster respectively. Football has come a long way from its
modest beginnings many years ago. The Game The game of football involves two
teams with eleven players each; the players use all parts of their
body except their hands and arms to navigate the ball into
the goal of the opposite team. They are allowed to use their hands for a
throw-in only and on the field they use their feet to kick the ball, their upper
part of legs, torso and even their head. Team which scores the most number of goals
is declared the winner of the match. A match will last 90 minutes
and if there is a tie the match is extended to extra
time (two times 15 minutes). A penalty shoot decides the winner if the
match is still a tie after the extra time. The rules were set by The Football
Association, England in 1863 but the rules have been modified
several times since then. International Football Association
Board controls the laws of Football now and half of the members of the
board are FIFA representatives. FIFA is the international governing
body of football and are also responsible for organising the most
significant event – FIFA World Cup. The event is held after
every four years and men’s national team of member
states play for the cup. Football hardly requires
anything to play which is why it is co common
among the kids also. You just require an open space, something
to mark goal-posts and a ball. The kids and teens enjoy
the games on streets, school playgrounds,
parks and beaches. To take it to a higher level
one needs to be trained by trainers who are
certified with ‘Nasm ces’, there are a few things which
are important besides a pair of shorts and a t-shirt, a
player should have shin guards, football boots with studs on the out-sole
and a goalkeeper needs a pair of gloves. People have bought variations in
the game for fun and enjoy it as indoor football, beach football,
five-a-side football and Futsal. Early History Ancient Games The Romans and Ancient Greeks played a
number of ball games using their feet. The Roman game known as ‘harpastum’ has been
mentioned in one of the Greek playwrights, Antiphanes in 388-311 BC,
the name reoccurs in the Christian theology
‘Clement of Alexandria’. The game seemed to be
similar to rugby football. Cicero, a Roman politician describes
how a man was killed while having a shave in the barbers
shop when the ball hit him. The Romans were aware of the balls
filled with air and called them ‘follis’ The Chines were aware of such ball games
in the second and third centuries in the rule of Han dynasty and called the
game as ‘Cuju’ or ‘Zuqiu’ or ‘Tsu’Chu’. The Japanese called it ‘kemari’ and
it became famous in the Asuka period. The game was played in the
Imperial court of Japan in 600 AD. Several people stood in a circle and kicked
a ball without dropping it on the ground. The game disappeared somewhere in the
19th century but was revived once again in 1903 and continues to be played till
date in important Japanese festivals. There are many accounts of
ball games being played by people of the ancient times in
various parts of the world. For instance an explorer name John
Davis played football in 1586 with his men and the Eskimos of
Greenland where his ship landed. There are records of the game being
played by the Eskimos on ice. In 1610, a colonist of Jamestown, Virginia
by the name of William Strachey recorded an account of a game played by the native
Indians which they called ‘Pahsaheman’. Historians described Marn Grook
to be played by many tribes of Australia, they played several
games with a stuffed ball; which they used to catch and kick. The most recent record is from
a book by Robert Brough Smyth written in 1878 known as
‘The Aborigines of Victoria’ where a known as Richard Thomas
has witnessed the Aboriginal tribes playing ball in 1841
in Victoria, Australia. The ball was made of possum skin. Ki-o-rahi was a game played by Maori
people of New Zealand where there were seven players in a playground and
the ground was divided into zones. One could score if they
touched the boundary markers or ‘pou’ and if you hit
the main target ‘tupu. The Mesoamericans played
with rubber balls but these games resemble the modern
volleyball or basketball. The ‘Iroquois’ who were the
North-eastern Americans also used ball to play but they used net
raquets to throw and catch a ball, even though there was use
of leg in the game, it was not classified under
the modern football. There are many ball games which trail far
back to the ancient times but the main sources of the modern football code point
to Western Europe, specifically England. Medieval and Early Modern Europe The middle ages saw football
gain much popularity in Shrovetide (Shrove
Tuesday which was marked by eating pancakes
on this day) football matches all over Europe,
especially in England. Reference of a ball game being played
in early Britain comes from 9th century in ‘Historia Brittonum’ which explains
how some boys were playing with a ball. The French also have a few references of the
game in the 12th century and was referred to as ‘La Soule or Choule’, people used
feet, hands and sticks to propel the ball. From 1174 to 1183 William
FitzStephen described how ‘mob football’ was prevalent among
the people of England. This involved unlimited people of two
neighbouring towns playing in teams and who moved something which was usually
an inflated bladder or an animal, this inflated item was usually
taken to geographical places like the opposite
teams church etc. FitzStephen described the
game to have taken place on a Shrove Tuesday which
was an annual festival. There are many references which
speak of a ball game but none of them specify that the ball was
kicked about to play the game. The Lord Mayor of City of
London, Nicholas de Farndone, released a ban on the
game of football in 1314. This is the first reference
which uses the term ‘football’. King Edward III of England used a
same ban in 1363, and included other games such as coursing, cock-fighting,
hockey, football and handball. The use of term handball makes it
clear that football was different from other games which used other
parts of the body like – handball. Football faced the same fate
in Scotland as it did in England and was banned under
the Football Act 1424. King Henry the IV of England also resented
the game and forbade the game in 1409. There are many other references from
medieval and modern eras some of them are: Football was first mentioned as a
ball rather than a game in 1486. Its reference can be found in ‘Book of St.
Albans’ written by Dame Juliana Berner. In 1526, King Henry VII of England had
ordered a pair of football boots. Philip Sidney described
women involved in the game in one of his
poems written in 1580. John Norden and Richard Carew in
1584 and 1602 respectively refer to ‘goals’ and Carew also described
how the goals were made. He was also the first to describe
how goalkeepers defended their posts and about the passing
of ball among the players. John Day’s play ‘The
Bling Beggar of Bethnal Green’ first refers
to scoring a goal. The play was performed in 1600
but published only in 1659. Calcio Fiorentino The citizens of Florence got
together in Piazza Santa Croce and celebrated the time
between Epiphany and Lent by playing ‘calcio storico’
(historic kickball), in the 16th century. The young grandees dressed
up in fine clothes and indulged themselves
in the intense game. The calcio players could kick, hit
with shoulder and punch their opponents but such moves were
not permitted below the belt. The game was originally played
as a military exercise. The game of football
was not played from January, 1739 and was
revived only in May, 1930. Disapproval and Attempts to Ban Football Football has faced several
restrictions through the history starting from
middle ages to modern day. The first ban was placed in
England in 1314, and there were more than 30 bans after
that from 1314 to 1667. Women were discouraged from playing the
game and were forbidden to play and in 1921 were forbidden to play in the Scottish
and English Football League grounds. The order was removed only
in 1970, females continue to face problems in many parts
of the world till today. Establishment of Modern Codes English Public Schools Football was famous throughout Britain
but its public schools have been accredited with four main achievements
in the codes of modern football. a) According to evidences public
schools played an important role in making the game from a mob-played one
to an organised team played game. b) Students of these schools had described
much about the game in their records. c) The teachers, former
students and students of the schools codified the game
to be played among schools. d) The terms ‘kicking’
and ‘running’ were first made clear in the football
games of the schools. A student from the Eton College,
Richard Mulcaster was known as the “greatest sixteenth
century advocate football”. His evidences provide proof
to organized football and also refer to teams,
position, referee and coach. The violent version of
football was a more organized ‘footeball’,
according to Mulcaster. A Latin book under the name ‘Vocabula’
written in 1633, by a teacher from Aberdeen, David Wedderburn contains
many elements of modern football. A more detailed version
was found in the ‘Book of Games’ by Francis
Willughby written in 1660. His book also includes a diagram
depicting a football field. The first offside rules
were made in 18th century. Earlier according to this the objective
of the players was to stand between the ball and the goal and was not permitted
to pass the ball by hand or foot. They could move the ball in a
scrum or dribble with their feet. This offside law began
to change and develop with time and it was
different for every school as was found in references
of schools from Harrow, Rugby, Winchester and Cheltenham
between 1810 and 1850. In the 19th century the British
worked for twelve hours for six days in a week and
most of the children worked. This led to decline in the
street game and school boys who did not work organised the game
with formal codes of rules. Football was encouraged in the youth
and every school had different set of rules and two thoughts of
schools developed in terms of rules; one played the game by dribbling
and kicking the ball played by schools of Westminster,
Eton, Harrow and Charterhouse whereas the other school permitted
the ball to be carried and was in practice by schools of
Marlborough, Rugby and Cheltenham. Development of transportation
through rail in the 1840’s gave way to
inter-school competitions. However since there were different
rules in various schools the students were unable to play
the game against each other. As a solution half of the match
was played by the rules of the home school and the other
half by the visiting school. Firsts Clubs Clubs dedicated to football like the
London’s Gymnastic Society was founded. During 1824 to 1841, the first
club bearing the title with reference to being a football
club was ‘The Foot-Ball Club’. The club was situated
in Edinburgh, Scotland. The club encouraged
holding, pushing and picking up of ball but
discouraged tripping. Competitions One of the longest known competitions
which still seems to be running since 1858 every year is for the
contest for Cordner-Eggleston Cup. The match is played between Scotch College,
Melbourne and Melbourne Grammar School. The Caledonian Challenge
Cup was the first football trophy tournament
played in 1861 under Melbourne rules and the cup was donated by
the Royal Caledonian Society of Melbourne. United Hospitals Challenge
Cup is the oldest football league is a rugby football
competition played since 1874 and Yorkshire Cup is the
oldest rugby trophy which is being played
for since 1878. Established on 30 April, 1877
South Australian Football Association is the oldest Australian
rules football competition. Youdan Cup is the oldest soccer trophy which
still survives since 1867 and standing strong since 1871 is English FA Cup
which is the oldest soccer competition. The longest running Association Football
league is ‘The Football League’ since 1888. On 5 March 1870 the first
international football match took place between Scotland
and England at the Oval. Modern Balls Earlier the footballs were
made of inflated pig bladders. Covers made of leather were used in the
later years to give the ball their shape. Shoemakers, William Gilbert and Richard
Lindon from Rugby displayed round and oval shaped balls in the Great
Exhibition of 1851 held in London. Linden was also acknowledged
with the making of ‘brass hand pump’ and ‘rubber inflatable
bladder’, he won several medals. U.S. inventor Charles Goodyear made a
ball with an exterior of vulcanized rubber panels and exhibited in the
Exhibition Universelle at Paris. The normally used balls with pentagons
and hexagon gained its popularity very recently in the 1960’s and was
first used in 1970, World Cup. Modern Ball Passing Tactics First records of ‘scientific football’
have been found in Lancashire in 1839 and in the modern game of Rugby
in 1862 and Sheffield FC in 1865. The first to play a passing game were
the Royal Engineers AFC in 1870, they became famous by 1872 as a team who
played the game together beautifully. March, 1872 records the
first double pass from Derby school playing
against Nottingham Forest. The 2-3-5 pyramid formation was first
perfected by the Cambridge University AFC. Cambridge Rules A meeting was called at Trinity
College at the Cambridge University in 1848, by
J.C.Thring and H.de Winton. The meeting comprised of
12 representatives from Rugby, Eton, Shrewsbury,
Harrow and Winchester. The meeting lasted for eight
hours and the first set of modern football rules were
formed known as Cambridge rules. There is a revised set of rules
found in Shrewsbury School in 1856. The game allowed kicking and handling
of the ball was permitted only if a player caught the ball directly from the
foot which earned them a free kick. Another offset rule
discouraged the players from roaming around near
the opponent’s goal. The Cambridge rules were
not popular outside the schools and
universities of the English but had the most important impact on
the committee members of Football Association who were liable to draft
the rules of Association football. Sheffield Rules Nathaniel Creswick and William
Prest founded the Sheffield Football Club in 1857 in
the city of Sheffield. The club played football
according to Sheffield rules initially and they
lacked an offside rule. Some innovations which were introduced
to football by Sheffield Football Club were corner kicks, free kicks,
crossbar, handball and throw-ins. Their code dominated the north
and midlands of Europe. Australian Rules Traces of an organised
football game in Australia are found in Mebourne,
Victoria, in 1858 when Tom Willis who
was an Australian but learnt in Rugby School,
England wrote a letter, for a football club with a set of code of
laws to keep the cricketers busy in winters, to Bell’s Life in Victoria
and Sporting Chronicle. The first match was played
between Scotch College and Melbourne Grammar
School on 31 July, 1858; the match was umpired
by Tom Willis himself. On 14 May, 1859 Willis
along with Thomas H.Smith, William Hammersley and
J.B.Thompson formed the Melbourne Football
Club, which is also the oldest surviving football
club in Australia. The rules of the club were distributed
widely and many other clubs adopted them. The game spread far and
wide but saw a significant decline during the World
War I but soon came out emergent and now Australian
Football League is one of the world’s leading
professional competitions. Football Association An important figure in the formation of
Cambridge rules, J.C.Thring formed his own set of rules in 1862 and called them ‘The
Simplest Game’or ‘The Uppingham Rules’. A committee comprising
of seven members revised the Cambridge rules in
1863, the members were all former students
from schools of Rugby, Harrow, Westminster, Eton,
Shrewsbury and Rugby. On 26 October, 1863
many representatives of different football
associations of London met at the Freemason’s Tavern,
this was the initial meeting of The Football
Association (FA). The association aimed on unifying
the code, there were many public schools who were requested
to join the association. Upphingham and Charterhouse
were the only ones who joined. From October 1863 to December
1863 there were many meetings in which many laws
were added and removed and finally on 8 December, 1863 FA released
the ‘Laws of Football’ which was the first complete set of rules for football and
was later known as Association Football. The initial FA rules
contained many elements which are no longer
in use however; they are still followed in many games like
rugby football and Australian football. Rugby Football There were more than 75
clubs all together by 1870 in Britain who played
variations of rugby. There were rugby clubs in Canada,
New Zealand, Ireland and Australia. Despite the number of clubs there were
no fixed rules for playing rugby. In 1871, 21 rugby clubs from London
formed the Rugby Football Union (RFU) and the first set of official
rules was adopted in June, 1871. The rules permitted the passing of ball. North American Football Codes Students of universities and North-American
schools played football among themselves. For instance, a game known as Old
division football was commonly played by the students of Dartmouth College
in New Hampshire, in the 1820’s. This was a variant of
association football codes. Like Britain, mob-style football
was common and the players had to lead the ball to the goal area and
would use any means to do it. They pushed, punched, kicked and used
all sorts of violent ways to do so and on doing so there were many casualties
and injured players on the playground. The violence of the games
led to protests and universities were pressurized
to ban the game. Yale and Harvard Universities were forced to
ban the game by city of New Haven and the game was shut down in 1860 and 1861 in Yale
and Harvard universities respectively. To substitute football
there were kicking and running games introduced
and a combination of the two games was the ‘Boston Game’
which was played by Oneida Football Club. Many historians consider
this club to be the first official club of football in
the United States of America. The club was founded in 1862, by school
boys who played the game on Boston Common. The game found its way back to school
and college grounds by 1860’s and Rutgers, Brown, Yale and Princeton all
started to play this kicking game. The rules of English Football Association
were used by Princeton to play the game. The first football match to be
documented was on 9 November, 1861 and was a practice game played at
University of Toronto, Canada. One of the players of
the game was the late Chancellor of the school,
Sir William Mulock. Fredrick A Bethune, Barlow Cumberland
and Christopher Gwen drafted the rules based on rugby football,
in 1864 at Trinity College. In 1868, Canada, a game
which resembled rugby football was taken up by
Montreal Football Club. The first intercollegiate
football of America was played between Princeton and Rutgers
on 6 November, 1869. The players used a round ball for the
game and the rules were improvised. Football played by North America
today is mainly based on the match played between Harvard University
and McGill University in 1874. The players of both sides
changed between McGill and Boston rules which
were used by Harvard. After some years Harvard was
following the rules of McGill and convinced the other
universities to follow them too. A meeting was called in
Springfield, Massachusetts at Massasoit Convention
on 23 November, 1876 and representatives of Princeton,
Harvard, Columbia and Yale together agreed to adopt the Rugby Football
Union rules with a few changes. Walter Camp, coach of Yale
who was the fixture at Massasoit House convention
bought in many changes in 1880 and two of the most
significant changes which differentiated rugby
from American game was that the ‘scrummage’ was
replaced with the ‘line of scrimmage’ and ‘down-and-distant’
rules were created. Despite the changes American
football continued to be played violently causing several
casualties and even death at times. The acting President of United
States of America, President Theodore Roosevelt called a
meeting on 9 October, 1905 where the representatives from
Princeton, Hale and Harvard were summoned and advised to make
radical changes in the game. One of such rules introduced on
1906 was ‘legal forward pass’. This was the most
influential changes brought about which affected the
modern game of football. American football was developed
by the Canadians in order to differentiate the game from one
which was more rugby oriented. Ontario Rugby Football Union implemented
the Burnside rules in 1903 which used down-and-distant system and line of
scrimmage from the American Football. In 1929, the also applied the
legal forward pass in the game. The football codes of Canada and
America are both different. Gaelic Football In County Kerry, Ireland
‘caid’ a form of traditional football was popular
during the 19th century. According to Father W. Ferris, there were
two types of ‘caid’ played in the country: a. First was the ‘field game’ where the
players aimed on putting the through goals which looked like arch’s and were
made from the boughs of two trees. b. The other was the
‘cross country game’ was played on a Sunday and
lasted an entire day. The team that took the ball across
the boundaries of the parish won. Carrying the ball,
wrestling, opposing players, and holding
everything was allowed. Association ball and rugby became
popular games by the 1870’s in Ireland and Trinity College of
Dublin had a good hold on Rugby. The set of rules laid
by the English Football Association had spread
wide and the ancient forms of ‘caid’ gave way
to a more rough game which permitted the players
to trip each other. The Irish did not make any attempts to
codify and unify the different variations of football till the Gaelic Athletic
Association (GAA) was established in 1884. The GAA promoted many Irish
sports including hurling and demotivated foreign games like
Association football and Rugby. Maurice Davin first drew a set of
Gaelic football rules and got it published in the Irish magazine ‘United
Ireland’ on the 7 February, 1887. The rules laid by Davin were
influenced by many Irish games and wish to solemnize a separate
Irish code of football. A prominent example of this was
that an offside rule was missing; this was an element which
was common only among the Irish and Australian
football players. Schism in Rugby Football After the International Rugby Football Board
(IRFB) was established in 1886, the code started being eroded as professionalism
crept into the different football codes. In the 1890’s there was a long term
ban placed on professional players of England, this caused tension and
turmoil within rugby football, as there were many players
who lived in Northern England and belonged
to the working class and could not spare time to travel, play
the game and recuperate from their wounds. The same situation arose ten
years back in soccer in Northern England but the reaction of the
authorities was quite different, who tries to estrange the working
class support in Northern England. After a disagreement which rose in 1895,
about a player who received broken wages was, this substituted wages
lost as an effect of playing rugby, representatives of the
northern clubs got together to form Northern Rugby
Football Union (NRFU). The new club earlier allowed only different
types of player wages replacements but in two years NRFU players were remunerated
provided they were employed outside the sport. The professional association
verbalized that rugby needed to become
a ‘spectator’ sport. In a few years the NRFU rules
started separating from the RFU and the most noted one was the
elimination of ‘line-out’ and ‘ruck’ was replaced by ‘play-the-ball
ruck’ with which two players could compete between the tackler
at marker and the player tackled. If the ball carrier was
held the ‘mauls’ were stopped was replaced by
a play-the ball-ruck. In 1901, Northern Rugby
League was formed when Yorkshire and Lancashire
competitions of NRFU combined, this was also
the first time that the word ‘rugby league’ was
formally used in England. With time the RFU form of rugby played
by clubs that continued to be members of national federations affiliated
to IRFB were known as ‘rugby union’. Globalization of ‘association football’ As the international matches gained popularity
the necessity of one single community to look after the affairs of association football
had become obvious by the 20th century. Many dialogues took place among the
English Football Association members on forming an international body but
was apparently going unnoticed. Associations from seven other
European countries then formed an international association and
the countries comprised of; Netherlands, France, Switzerland,
Sweden, Belgium, Spain and Denmark. ‘Fédération Internationale de Football
Association’ or the much known FIFA was established on 21 May, 1904 in Paris with
Robert Guerin as its first president. The name and acronym has
sustained throughout the globe ever since
its formation. Divergence of Two Rugby Codes The rules of rugby deviated
in 1906 from the ‘rugby union’ as the team reduced
from 15 players to 13 players. An official Australian
rugby team toured Britain and Australia in 1907
and the got a great response from the crowd,
after which official rugby leagues were launches
in Australia from 1908. Every country had their
own set of rules and different bodies were
required to get together and create an exact set
of rules which would be applicable for every
international match. The situation continued as it was till
1948, when Rugby League International Federation (RLIF) was formed in Bordeaux,
after it was initiated by the French League. Latter part of 20th century saw more
changes in the rules and in 1996, the idea of ‘downs’ was taken from the American
football by the rugby league officials. The rule stated that a team
would be permitted to keep the ball for four tackles (rugby
union follows the initial rule which states that a player
who has been tackled and put to ground should let
go of the ball instantly). In 1971, this number was
increased from four to six and was known as the ‘six tackle
rule’ in the rugby league. By 1990’s the game had full
time players and the five meter off-side distance between the two
teams was increased to 10 meters. The replacement rule was surpassed
by many changes in rules. 20th century also saw changes
in the laws of ‘rugby union’; the changes were considerably less
as compared to the rugby league. Some of the changes being that the goals
from marks were removed, anyone kicking directly into touch from outside the
22 metre line would get a penalty, many new laws were created to decide who
had the custody following an indecisive ‘maul’ or ‘ruck’ and the lifting of
players in line-outs was made official. Rugby union was made an ‘open’
game in 1995, which means any professional players
were allowed to participate. Even though the actual difference among
the two codes have now disappeared and the fact that officials from
both rugby league and rugby union have mentioned about the probability of their
union, the rules of both the codes and have deviated so much that an occurrence
as such cannot be seen in the near future. Use of Word Football The term ‘football’ when used to
refer a particular game could mean any one of the games
which have been defined above and because of this much
friendly disputes have risen over the use of
the word ‘football’, mainly because it is
used in diverse ways in various parts of the
‘English-speaking world’. The term ‘football’ is normally used to
refer to the code of football which is governing that specific area so it normally
depends on where one uses the word. In United Kingdom, Canada and United
States of America the code is simply known as ‘football’ whereas in other
places there is usually a qualifier. In Australia the term ‘football’ is
either rugby league or Australian rules football, depending upon
the popularity of the region. In New Zealand it has been
traditionally known as rugby union and lately been referred
to as association football. The Canadian code is ‘football’ whereas
the American football is referred to as ‘Football américain’ and association
football is called ‘le soccer’. English is the official language
of the FIFA and among the 45 affiliates most of them use
‘Football’ in their organizations; Canada and United States
use the word ‘Soccer’. There are many FIFA affiliates who
are now using ‘Football’ like: In 2005 Australian’s
association football changed its name from
‘soccer’ to ‘football’ New Zealand’s governing
body followed Australia and in 2007 started using
‘football’since then. ‘Samoa Soccer Federation’ changed to
‘Football Federation Samoa’ in 2009. Popularity There are many codes
which have gained their popularity over the years
in the world of sports. Association football has more than 250
million players across more than 200 nations of the world and is the most
watched game on television in sports. The annually played Super
Bowl is one of the most popular sports
enjoyed by the Americans and is among the top eight most watched
broadcasts in the history of U.S. television, making association football the
most popular game in America. The highest number of
people watching football in Australia is the
Australian rules football. Gaelic football captures the heart
of Irish people and the All-Ireland Football Final is one of the most
watched events of the country. What started from a small
inflated intestine of an animal has journeyed its way
to fame and popularity. What was played for
fun, enjoyment and physical exercise has now
become professional. There was a time when the players had
to fight so they could be paid and today players of football are some
of the richest people in the world. Football players today are
stars and role-models for thousands of youngsters who
aspire to be just like them. From disputes to bans and out in the field
again, the game has endured all hardships and now shines in the world entertaining
millions of people all over the globe.

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